Different Types of Corgis

A Complete Guide to Cardigan and Pembroke

Dive into the world of corgis, where loyalty and personality know no bounds. Learn about the differences and similarities between the charming Cardigan and Pembroke Corgi breeds, and discover which one could be your ideal companion.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgis, affectionate and protective, shine with coats in shades of red, sable, fawn, and tricolor. They stand out for their compact size, overflowing energy, and pointed ears, making them perfect for any home.

The Cardigan Corgis, loyal and versatile, sport a wide range of colors such as blue merle, brindle, and tricolor. They are characterized by their robustness, long tail, and distinctive ears, ideal for active families.

History and Origins

Pembroke Corgi

The Pembroke Corgi is arguably the more well-known of the two, partly thanks to its association with Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who has owned over 30 Pembrokes throughout her lifetime. Pembrokes originate from Pembrokeshire, Wales, where they are said to have been brought by Vikings or Flemish settlers in the 10th century. This breed was primarily used for herding cattle, thanks to their low stature which allowed them to nip at the heels of cattle without getting kicked in the head.

Cardigan Corgi

On the other hand, the Cardigan Corgi is considered the older of the two, with over 1,000 years of history. Originating from Cardiganshire, Wales, they are believed to have been brought by Celtic tribes around 1200 B.C. Like Pembrokes, Cardigans were used as herding dogs, excelling in driving flocks through rough terrain and protecting them from predators.

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Physical Characteristics in Different Types of Corgis

While at first glance, Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis may seem similar, there are several key physical differences that distinguish them.

Differences in Appearance

Pembroke Corgi: Pembrokes are slightly smaller and either have no tail or a very short one. Their ears are more pointed, and their facial structure tends to be more fox-like.

Cardigan Corgi: Cardigans are a bit larger, with long tails that give them a distinctive look. Their ears are more rounded at the tip, and their body structure is slightly more robust than their Pembroke counterparts.

Coat Colors

Both breeds come in a variety of colors, including red, sable, brindle, black, and blue merle. However, the color patterns may vary slightly between the two breeds.

Temperament and Behavior

Although they share a common ancestor, Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis have distinct temperaments that reflect their unique histories.

Pembroke Corgi

Pembrokes are known for their friendly nature and high energy levels. They are extremely loyal to their families and tend to be excellent watchdogs despite their small size. They are also highly intelligent and trainable, making them great for a variety of canine sports and activities.

Cardigan Corgi

Cardigans are equally loyal but tend to be a bit more reserved, especially with strangers. This breed is known for its calm demeanor and intelligence. Like Pembrokes, Cardigans are excellent working dogs and enjoy participating in activities that stimulate their mind and body.

Health and Care

When it comes to health and care, both Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis require special attention, mainly due to their unique body structure.

Common Health Issues

Both breeds can be prone to health problems related to their long spine and short legs, such as hip dysplasia and intervertebral disc disease. It is crucial to maintain a healthy weight to avoid additional pressure on their backs.

Exercise and Nutrition

Corgis are energetic dogs that require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Additionally, a balanced diet tailored to their size, age, and activity level is crucial to prevent obesity and other health issues. Both Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis enjoy games, walks, and activities that stimulate both their body and mind.

Training and Socialization

Early training and socialization are essential for any dog, and Corgis are no exception. Despite their size, they are intelligent and strong-willed dogs, with a strong tendency towards independence, which can make training both a challenge and a reward.

Positive Reinforcement-Based Training

Both breeds respond best to positive reinforcement-based training. The use of rewards, praise, and games makes learning a positive experience for them, which can help strengthen the bond between the dog and its owner.

The Importance of Socialization

Early socialization is crucial for developing a well-adjusted Corgi. Exposing your dog to a variety of people, dogs, and situations from a young age can help prevent fearful or aggressive behavior. Corgis are naturally cautious around strangers, so good socialization is key to helping them become confident and friendly dogs.

Which Type of Corgi to Choose?

The decision between a Cardigan and a Pembroke Corgi depends on your personal preferences, lifestyle, and what you’re looking for in a canine companion. Both breeds offer formidable intelligence, loyalty, and the promise of lasting friendship, but they have their own quirks that may make one more suitable for you than the other.

Consider the Pembroke Corgi if you’re looking for a slightly more active and outgoing dog, with a great ability to adapt to different situations and people.

The Cardigan Corgi might be your best choice if you prefer a companion that’s a bit more laid-back and reserved, with strong loyalty to its family.


Corgis, whether Cardigan or Pembroke, are more than just pets; they are family members, loyal companions, and unconditional friends. Although sharing life with a corgi requires commitment and responsibility, the rewards are immeasurable. They teach us about loyalty, unconditional love, and the importance of living each moment to the fullest.

When choosing between a Cardigan Corgi and a Pembroke, it’s important to consider not only their physical and temperamental differences but also your own needs and lifestyle. Regardless of the breed you choose, be prepared to receive an abundance of love, laughter, and happy moments that only a corgi can provide.

Let’s always remember to approach pet ownership responsibly, ensuring that our canine friends receive the love, care, and attention they deserve. With proper training, socialization, and care, your corgi will not only thrive but also become an invaluable member of your household.

Whether you opt for the sturdy elegance of a Cardigan or the lively companionship of a Pembroke, a corgi is sure to fill your life with joy. And at the end of the day, that’s what truly matters.

Imagen de logotipo de comunidad latino americana que habla sobre Corgis de Pembroke y de Cardigan. encuentra criadero de corgis

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Frequently Asked Questions about Different Types of Corgis

What are the main types of Corgi?

The two main types of Corgi are the Corgi Cardigan and the Corgi Pembroke. Although they share some similarities, they have different histories, physical characteristics, and temperaments.

How can I differentiate between a Corgi Cardigan and a Pembroke?

Corgi Cardigans are usually a bit larger, have more rounded ears, and possess a long tail. On the other hand, Corgi Pembrokes are somewhat smaller, with more pointed ears, and their tail is either short or nonexistent.

What is the temperament of Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis?

Cardigan Corgis tend to be calm and reserved, while Pembroke Corgis are known to be more active and outgoing. Both breeds are intelligent, loyal, and can make excellent family companions.

What are the common coat colors in Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis?

Both breeds can have coat colors such as red, sable, brindle, black, and blue merle. However, the color patterns may vary slightly between the two breeds.

Do Corgis have specific health issues?

Yes, due to their unique body structure, both Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis can be prone to health problems such as hip dysplasia and intervertebral disc disease. It is essential to keep them at a healthy weight and provide regular exercise.

What is the best way to decide between a Cardigan and a Pembroke Corgi?

The decision should be based on your lifestyle, personal preferences, and what you are looking for in a canine companion. Consider the differences in size, temperament, and care needs of each breed. Researching and, if possible, spending time with both types of Corgis can help you make an informed decision.